Mobile LTE (4G) and 5G

Mobile LTE (4G) and 5G

What is Mobile LTE (4G) and 5G technology?


Mobile LTE (Long-Term Evolution) is a standard for wireless broadband communication for mobile devices and data terminals, often referred to as 4G LTE. It represents a significant advancement over previous generations of mobile technology, offering higher data speeds, lower latency, and improved spectral efficiency.


5G is the fifth generation of mobile network technology, the latest and most advanced.



Advantages of 5G vs LTE (4G):



LTE (4G)



Up to 100 Mbps (average)

Potentially up to 1 Gbps+ (average)


Typically 30-50 ms

Targeted latency as low as 1 ms


Limited bandwidth, up to 100 MHz

Much wider bandwidth, up to several hundred MHz

Frequency Bands

Primarily operates in sub-6 GHz bands (600 MHz to 2.5 GHz)

Utilizes both sub-6 GHz and mmWave (24 GHz to 100 GHz) bands

Spectrum Efficiency

Lower spectrum efficiency

Higher spectrum efficiency due to advanced modulation and beamforming techniques


Limited capacity, may become congested in densely populated areas

Higher capacity, better able to handle a large number of connected devices simultaneously


Broad coverage, suitable for wide-area deployments

More limited coverage initially, especially for mmWave bands, but improving over time


Well-established technology, widely deployed globally

Still in the early stages of deployment, gradually rolling out in urban areas and expanding to rural regions

Use Cases

Primarily used for mobile broadband, streaming, and voice services

Enabling new use cases such as Internet of Things (IoT), autonomous vehicles, virtual reality (VR), and augmented reality (AR)

Energy Efficiency

Moderate energy efficiency, may drain battery life quickly in mobile devices

Improved energy efficiency, designed to prolong battery life in mobile devices

Network Architecture

Uses traditional cellular network architecture with centralized processing

Utilises network slicing, edge computing, and virtualization for more flexible and efficient network management

Backward Compatibility

Compatible with LTE networks, allowing seamless transition for existing users

Provides backward compatibility with LTE networks while offering enhanced features and performance



To connect your LTE 4G/ 5G capable device to a network and receive adequate speeds you may need a router..


What is a 4G/ 5G router?


A 4G/5G router connects to the internet via a mobile network, using a SIM card to access cellular data. It receives signals from nearby cell towers, processes the data, and broadcasts a Wi-Fi signal for devices to connect to. Data usage is typically managed through a mobile data plan, and the router often includes security features like firewalls and encryption to protect the network. Overall, it provides internet access similar to a traditional router, but using mobile data instead of fixed-line broadband.



4G LTE Router

5G Router

Remote Locations

Provides internet access in remote areas where wired broadband is unavailable or impractical.

Offers high-speed internet connectivity in remote areas and supports emerging technologies like IoT and edge computing.

Mobile Offices

Enables mobile offices and temporary workspaces to have internet connectivity on the go.

Provides fast and reliable internet access for mobile offices, facilitating remote work and collaboration.


Equips vehicles such as buses, trains, and boats with Wi-Fi connectivity for passengers during transit.

Offers Wi-Fi connectivity on the move for transportation vehicles, enhancing passenger experience and productivity.

Backup Internet Connection

Acts as a backup internet connection in case of primary network failure, ensuring business continuity.

Serves as a reliable backup connection with high-speed internet access for critical operations and applications.

High-Speed Internet

Supports high-speed internet access for applications requiring fast speeds and low latency, such as HD video streaming and online gaming.

Provides even faster internet speeds and lower latency, making it suitable for ultra-HD video streaming, cloud gaming, and VR/AR applications.

Heavy Data Usage

Handles heavy data usage scenarios like downloading large files, streaming 4K videos, and transferring large amounts of data efficiently.

Offers enhanced capacity and bandwidth to accommodate heavy data usage, enabling seamless performance for data-intensive applications.

IoT Connectivity

Facilitates connectivity and data transmission for IoT devices in remote or mobile environments.

Supports massive IoT deployments with increased device connectivity and efficient data transmission, benefiting smart city initiatives and industrial automation.

Outdoor Events

Provides temporary Wi-Fi coverage for outdoor events, festivals, and exhibitions, enhancing attendee experience and connectivity.

Enables the provision of high-speed Wi-Fi connectivity at outdoor events, supporting immersive media experiences and real-time engagement.

Temporary Locations

Offers quick and easy internet access in temporary locations like construction sites, disaster relief areas, and pop-up installations.

Provides fast and reliable internet connectivity in temporary settings, supporting various applications and services without the need for fixed infrastructure.



But don't worry, our friendly team are on hand to talk you through requirements to work out what solution would be best for your business.

Frequently Asked Questions

How is 4G different from LTE?

LTE is often marketed as 4G LTE, but technically, LTE does not fully meet the requirements of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) for 4G, which include higher data rates and more advanced features. LTE-Advanced, an enhancement of LTE, meets these requirements and is considered true 4G.

Can 5G work with existing 4G infrastructure?

Yes, 5G is designed to be backward compatible with 4G LTE. Most initial 5G deployments rely on 4G infrastructure for broader coverage, with 5G providing enhanced performance in specific areas.

Do I need a new phone to use 5G?

Yes, to access 5G networks, you need a device that is 5G-capable. Older 4G devices cannot connect to 5G networks.

How does 5G improve mobile broadband experiences?

5G provides faster download and upload speeds, lower latency, and greater capacity, which translates to smoother streaming, faster web browsing, and better performance in crowded areas.

When will 5G be available everywhere?

The deployment of 5G varies by region and carrier. Many urban areas already have 5G coverage, while rural areas may take longer. Full nationwide coverage is expected over the next few years.

Will 4G be phased out after 5G is fully deployed?

4G will not be phased out immediately. It will continue to operate alongside 5G for many years, providing a fallback option and ensuring coverage in areas where 5G has not yet been deployed.

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